The World Hunger Day was set up to commemorate the creation of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) on October 16, 1945. June 15 is the opportunity to discover and learn about the issues surrounding food insecurity and malnutrition around the world. This day allows us to draw attention to problems of hunger and especially the fight to stop hunger in the world. To help eradicate world hunger, we must focus on farmers to give them the keys to sustainable agriculture, as well as young mothers and the creation of an environmentally friendly agriculture.
"Today, 870 million people around the world are chronically undernourished, and every day 10,000 women and children under five die from malnutrition."
Hunger and their factors
Undernourishment can be caused by many causes. According to the FAO, undernutrition is the state, lasting at least a year, during which a person fails to procure enough food to meet the daily dietary energy requirements.
Unexplained price volatility and misinformation on food prices
- Political instability
- Natural disasters
- Climate disruption
Another factor of hunger after the scarcity of food products is that of malnutrition:
- Quantities eaten per person
According to the UN for food and agriculture, in 2016, 815 million human beings were concerned. In 2016, the curve reversed with 38 million more people suffering from hunger than in 2015. 11% of the world's population is now affected by this scourge.
According to Clara Jarmart of Oxfam France, international leaders and institutions are facing a shameful failure. She says that this reversal of the trend is unfortunately likely to be confirmed in the next few years, when, according to some analyzes, the number of people at risk of suffering from hunger will increase by 10% to 20% by 2050 due to the climate change.
Violent conflicts and climate change as main causes
The UN denounces violent conflicts and climate change as the main causes. "The number of conflicts has increased over the last 10 years - particularly in countries already experiencing significant food insecurity - and the resulting violence is largely rural. This upsurge in conflict, which is hitting Africa and the Near East harder, has led to food crises, particularly where this instability is exacerbated by droughts or other weather events, as well as fragility of intervention capacities.
Famine strikes more and more ...
Famine has hit parts of southern Sudan for several months in early 2017, and there is a great risk of seeing it hit again there or in other conflict zones, including northeastern Nigeria, Somalia, and southern Somalia. Yemen. But even in more peaceful areas, droughts or floods caused in part by the El Niño weather phenomenon, as well as the global economic downturn, have worsened food security and nutrition, UN agency chiefs noted.
The key numbers
According to the FAO website, the total number of hungry people in the world: 815 million, including:
- In Asia: 520 million
- In Africa: 243 million
- In Latin America and the Caribbean: 42 million
- Share of world population suffering from hunger: 11%
- Share of the population in Asia: 11.7%
- Share of the population in Africa: 20% (in East Africa 33.9%)
- Latin America and the Caribbean: 6.6%
Malnutrition in all its forms
- Number of stunted children under five (too small for their age): 155 million
- Number of those living in countries affected to varying degrees by conflict: 122 million
- Children under five years old who are underweight (too small for their height): 52 million
- Number of obese adults: 641 million (13% of adults on the planet)
- Overweight children under five: 41 million
- Number of women of childbearing age with anemia: 613 million (approximately 33% of the total)
World Food Program's (WFP) vision for Zero Hunger:
Bring the Left Behind First
To realize the full potential of our globalized economy, national governments need to strengthen social protection systems for the most vulnerable. Providing this opportunity for equitable economic growth will increase the purchasing power of the poorest 2 billion people, which, in turn, will create additional marginal demand, generate new jobs and boost local economies. Investing in solidarity development is not just the thing to do; this is also good economic sense.
Open the way from the farm to the market
Access to nutritious and affordable food for the 7 billion people we are is paramount. We need to innovate and invest to make our supply chains more efficient by developing sustainable markets. To support these markets, we also need to improve rural infrastructure, especially roads, electricity storage and distribution, to enable farmers to reach more consumers.
Reduce food waste
Of the 4 billion metric tons of food produced each year, one third is wasted, an annual cost of nearly 750 billion US dollars for the global economy. In developed countries, food is often wasted on the plate, while in developing countries it is lost during production because crops remain unused or unprocessed due to inadequate storage or because farmers can not put their products on the market.
Encourage cultural diversity in a sustainable way
Today, four crops worldwide (rice, wheat, corn and soy) account for 60% of all calories consumed. Meeting the challenges of climate change, food availability and access to food will require helping farmers to explore and identify a more diverse range of crops. To do this, we need to work with farmers to ensure they have access to the tools and skills they need, and create a market by educating communities about the importance of diversified diets.
Make nutrition a priority from the first 1000 days of the child
Nothing is more important for a child's development than health and nutrition, especially during the first 1,000 days (from conception to age two). To prevent stunting and promote healthy development, we must ensure that children and lactating mothers have access to the nutritious food they need.
Hunger from the point of view of religions
Religions have always placed meals at the heart of their rituals. Religions invite to share food with the hungry poor. Sharing food with others is a founding act of faith for the believer.
Judaism includes both permitted or forbidden food and many ritual meals. The Torah forbids the possession of an animal if it cannot be fed and the Talmud insists on respect for the animals. In the Torah, we are invited to feed strangers, widows and orphans, so God bless your work. In many verses of the Bible, Jesus Christ has always called people to deal with the livelihoods of the poor. The Muslim tradition advises against overeating, squandering or monopolizing food. Sharing is recommended, even ordered since the Prophet of Islam says: "A true believer is not one who sleeps full stomach while his neighbor is sleeping hungry. It is also recommended to give good food to the needy.