The prime purpose of the International Day of Charity is to raise awareness and provide a common platform for charity related activities all over the world for individuals, charitable, philanthropic and volunteer organizations for their own purposes on the local, national, regional and international level.
The reason the date was chosen is because it is the anniversary of the death of Mother Teresa of Calcutta. This choice commemorates the tireless work that Mother Teresa did by devoting her whole life to charity work. To celebrate this special day every year, the work of different charities all over the word is publicized and celebrated, and people are encouraged to donate money and time, to carry out charitable works, and also to educate people and raise awareness about the many charitable issues worldwide. Education and giving are the essence of this special day.
In its resolution, the General Assembly invited Member States, organizations of the United Nations system and other international and regional organizations, stakeholders, as well as NGOs of the civil society, to commemorate the International Day of Charity in an appropriate manner, by encouraging charity, including through education and public awareness-raising activities.
Sustainable Development Goals and Charity
The UN recognizes that in terms of development, governments cannot act alone and that civic engagement — through volunteering & philanthropy — plays an important role in creating the desired global change.
Here are a few ways that civic engagement can benefit participants and contribute to global sustainable development:
- Raise awareness about how difficult challenges are, and push for collective action in global issues.
- Enhance trust among diverse groups & build social capital.
- Eliminate societal & cultural barriers and create cohesion.
- Build resilience through community action, and enhance the sense of responsibility for one's community.
The 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) set forth in the Agenda can be grouped into six critical areas: people, planet, prosperity, peace, and partnership. They have the potential to transform our lives and our planet by providing the framework needed for philanthropic institutions to enable all people to contribute to the betterment of our world.
The world's 10 most generous countries
In the last month, eight in 10 Iraqis have helped someone they don't know, with Libyans helping almost as many.
During the same period, 91% of those in Myanmar have given money to charity.
In comparison, 63% of Americans - the second most generous overall - have donated money, with 73% helping a stranger.
The annual ranking places Myanmar, previously known as Burma, at the top of the list for the third year in a row, with more than half the population donating time and 63% helping a stranger.
The overall table, which takes into account financial donations, help offered to strangers and volunteering, ranks the UK as the most generous place in Europe, the United Arab Emirates in the Middle East, Kenya in Africa and Guatemala in Latin America.
Reasons of charitable donation reduction
According to a report recently released by Atlas of Giving, after a stellar year of charitable donations in 2014, the outlook for this year is less than robust.
In fact, U.S.-based giving and other contries could decrease by as much as 3.2% for a variety of reasons—including rising interest rates, a possible stock market correction, and continuing decline in employment compensation.
But just because certain economic factors may have an impact on giving, this doesn't mean that you should put off your own charitable efforts. You might be surprised to learn that, ultimately, it might be you who reaps some of the best rewards of your donation.
Here are some positive effects of giving to charity:
1. Receiving pleasure
The first benefit of donating is receiving pleasure. in research conducted by the National Institutes of Health, participants who chose to donate a portion of $100 they were provided enjoyed activated pleasure centers in the brain and makes you feel better, which is something we can all benefit from.
2. Tax reduction
You also have this chance to reduce your tax rate by donating. Donating your cash is a great way to reduce the amount of money you send off to Uncle Sam, and for a good cause, to boot.
3. enrich your life
When you donate money to charity, you create opportunities to meet new people who believe in the same causes that inspire you. That, and making a real impact on those causes, can infuse your everyday life with more meaning. If you've been stuck in a rut, whether personally or professionally, sometimes the simple act of donating cash can do the trick and reinvigorate your life.
4. Promote generosity in your children
When your kids see you donating money, they're much more likely to adopt a giving mindset as they grow up. I write from personal experience.
5. Encouraging people
When you let your friends and family know of your charitable donations, they may find themselves more motivated to undertake their own efforts to give. It takes a village to address issues such as world poverty, scientific advancement, and early childhood education. Stoking passions in the folks around you is a very positive and tangible effect of your own giving.
6. every little thing helps
You don't need $10,000 to make a difference in someone's life. Don't just think of your cash donation from an American economic perspective. Often that money can go a lot further elsewhere in the world.
If you won’t have enough time to find people who need help, ask for reliable centers. Alternatively, you can make a donation directly to save peoples’ life, and be sure it helps its efforts to improve the lives of those in need. Understanding the positive effects of donating money to charity is important—just make sure you have the right people in your corner as you get started.
Religions and charity
what do some of the world's major religions say about charitable donating? What are the methods presenting by religions to increase charitable actions? Is it step by step or in a fast move? What is the basis for the mandate to be charitable?
These values of giving are deeply rooted in the texts, traditions and practices of many faiths. Take, for example, the messages within the three Abrahamic faiths.
Charitable Giving in Judaism
In Judaism, as a historic and older and Abrahamian religion, charity and donating is a recommended and even mandatory activity for believers In Judaism there is the unique concept of tzedakah, the obligation to perform charitable works.
The word is derived from the Hebrew root Tzadei-Dalet-Qof which means righteousness, justice or fairness, meaning that while charity in English suggests benevolence and generosity, tzedakah is simply an act of justice and righteousness.
Beyond giving just time and money, rabbis even spoke of “gemilut chasadim,” literally meaning loving-kindness, or focusing on right relationship with one another as the prerogative of religious giving.
"Charity is equal in importance to all the other commandments in the Torah combined," reads an early rabbinic law code. The formulation comes from the Roman period, but the origin of this characteristically Jewish idea is much older. Its beginnings lie, in fact, in two places: in the general ancient Near Eastern notion that the king is the protector of the weak and the defenseless, and, more particularly, in the biblical story of God's redemption of the people Israel from Egypt and his gift to them of the Promised Land.
Christianity and charitable actions
Similarly, the Christian tradition has considered giving a key religious practice. This practice means producing a philanthropic action of giving money to poor people. Many Christians still look to the Hebrew Bible and the tithe (giving one-tenth of an individual’s income) as God’s commandment because it is one of the orders of Bible.
In the New Testament, Jesus spoke of giving not only a tithe but challenged followers to give far beyond it.
For instance, in the Gospel of Matthew Jesus told the rich young ruler to sell all his possessions. Pursuing those values, a long monastic tradition has seen men and women taking vows of poverty to give themselves to the work of their faith.
Christian giving originates from the beginnings of Christianity where early Christians shared with each other and the larger community. Other concepts of charity are based on Judaism through the teachings of the Old Testament and through the life of Jesus based on the teachings in the New Testament. Christianity historically developed charitable institutions such as schools, hospitals, and social service agencies that remain strong pillars in today’s communities.
Charitable actions in Islam
Islam is the last Abrahamian religion that is considered charity actions more than other religions.
Islam has five guiding pillars, one of which is Zakat, the giving of alms to the poor and needy and compulsory giving for those Muslims whose incomes are at a particular level; It is considered a purifying tax for all adults of sound minds and means, and is viewed as an obligation, and a means of recognizing that everything that a Muslim has belongs to Allah.
Islam teaches the sharing of wealth for the needs of others, to allow the less fortunate to stand on their own two feet.
The concept becomes much broader as zakat can only be spent on eight specified categories:
The Qur’an specifies eight groups which are eligible to receive Zakat:
- The Fuqara’ The poor;
- Al-Maskin The needy;
- Aamileen Zakat collector;
- Muallafatul Quloob The poor and needy who recently converted to Islam;
- Ar-Riqaab Slaves, Zakat can be used to purchase their freedom;
- Ibnus-Sabeel: A stranded traveller in need of financial assistance;
- Al Ghaarimeen: People in debt; and
- Fi Sabeelillah: Those who are away from home in the path of Allah.
If a person does not fall into any of the listed categories, then they are prohibited from receiving zakat, though they may be eligible to receive other sources of charity.
Above and beyond the required zakat, there are second source of giving specified for poor people that is called “sadaqa”. This money is a kind of gift that is not compulsory but it is recommended as a way to tackle calamity and misfortune. Interestingly, the word shares the same root as the Jewish “tzedakah,” meaning justice. Muslim giving also focuses primarily on the poor.
Religious traditions are clear that the value of giving does not simply rest with those receiving the gift. The most important note that we must consider through orders of all religions for charity giving is teaching and producing humanitarian habit. Givers themselves benefit and experience a good feeling. The act of charity giving help them eradicate depression and any other mental problems. At the same time, the goal of religious giving is not just about what it brings to individuals because it is more a focus on human interaction and a vision of community.